Entrenching Medicaid Expansion

Just a pair of notes on the political entrenching of  Medicaid Expansion into the political and policy processes of the United States.

First in Arkansas:

 

Arkansas officials should consider transferring more high-cost enrollees from the private option to the traditional, fee-for-service Medicaid program, a sponsor of the law that created the program said Monday.

At a meeting of the Health Reform Legislative Task Force, Senate President Pro Tempore Jonathan Dismang, R-Searcy, said he’s concerned that health care costs of some enrollees are increasing the cost of coverage for others in the state’s individual insurance market.

The basic mechanics of this plan would be to shift more of the expensive, high utilizing and not too healthy members from the Arkansas Private Option subsidized on-Exchange risk pool that pays providers commercial rates to the legacy Medicaid program where providers are paid (in Arkansas) about half the commercial rate. The goal is to reduce Arkansas’ state contribution to Medicaid expansion by effectively making the Expansion eligible individuals in the Legacy Medicaid pool an effective and well funded low income high risk pool while dumping all of the good risk into the private option pool to minimize nominal premium increases on Exchange.

The simpler thing to do in general would have been a general expansion with new ID cards and little else, but that will not pass in Arkansas so we get this policy tweak that actually solves a problem and probably makes everyone but the providers no worse off if not a bit better off.
 

Next, in Indiana:


 

Governor Pence pushed for the Healthy Indiana Plan v2. (HIP 2.0) to expand Medicaid. It is a convoluted bastard of conservative pet rocks and hoop jumping but it actually does cover most of the people who need to be covered by Medicaid Expansion.

It is also not an immediately disqualifying event for Governor Pence to be elevated to a national ticket.

This is how policies get entrenched even as a party bitches about them.



Late Night Open Thread: Brexit? I Hardly Even Touched It!


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KY and a dry screw

Kentucky submitted their Medicaid Expansion waiver today. and it is a doozy.  There are a couple of interesting and potentially useful nuggets ( I liked the wrap-around policies so that a family that qualifies for multiple categories of aid stay on one plan for simplicity’s sake), a couple of things that I could live with but don’t like and then work requirements tied to health insurance which CMS has always shot down.

Below is a pair of screen shots from the cost justification section of the waiver that I found utterly fascinating.  The top shot is what the state projects will be the enrollment and cost per person per month (PMPM) growth without the waiver.  The  bottom is what the state projects would happen to enrollment and costs with the waiver.  The 1115 waiver is supposed to be at least budget neutral and coverage neutral.

TLDR: Fewer people enrolled at higher costs.

Let’s look at the data below the fold:

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Opportunities for system improvement

Just a pair of tweets that if we look at them with an appropriately skewed glance, we could see a lot of hope for cost control while providing better quality in healthcare.

We all fuck up.

Well designed systems of learning and error minimization acknowledge that we fuck up and create a culture and systems to minimizing common fuck-ups. Aviation has that culture while medicine may have it in isolated pockets but it is not widespread.
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Peter Thiel Makes The Case For Confiscatory Taxation On Billionaires

This broke over at Forbes and is bouncing around the ‘nets today:

Peter Thiel, a PayPal cofounder and one of the earliest backers of Facebook FB +0.49%, has been secretly covering the expenses for Hulk Hogan’s lawsuits against online news organization Gawker Media. According to people familiar with the situation who agreed to speak on condition of anonymity, Thiel, a cofounder and partner at Founders Fund, has played a lead role in bankrolling the cases Terry Bollea, a.k.a. Hogan, brought against New York-based Gawker. Hogan is being represented by Charles Harder, a prominent Los Angeles-based lawyer.

Whatever you think of Gawker, Hulk Hogan, or Thiel himself, this is yet one more way in which extreme income inequality destroys civic life. It’s actually worse than many, given the clandestine way it deepens the corruption of the system that could (in theory) provide a check on the damage that purchased legislative and executive branches can do.

Lazarus_in_Heaven_and_the_Rich_Man_in_Hell_LACMA_M.88.91.91

Here’s a take on the poison here revealed from Caterina Fake:

Champerty, as third-party litigation funding used to be called (and should probably be called again!) was formerly a crime, but the commercial litigation finance industry has been growing in recent years.

Fake notes that much of such litigation is actually a form of speculation, in which rich folks gamble on the possibility of significant payout.  One can imagine the “free market” argument that such funding levels the playing field, allows those who’ve suffered real harm to recoup, and thus makes the legal system a more efficient and effective dispute-settling and behavior-changing engine. But Thiel’s pursuit of Gawker illuminates what this leads to in the real world:

Generally, people avoid frivolous lawsuits because it often exposes them to as much scrutiny as those they sue, so what is significant about this case is that by funding Hogan behind the scenes, Thiel could get his revenge, escape exposure, and influence the outcome of the case.

For the very rich, this is a win however it goes, and damn the collateral damage.

Hogan’s lawyers made decisions against Hogan’s best interests, withdrawing a claim that would have required Gawker’s insurance company to pay damages rather than the company itself–a move that made Nick Denton, Gawker Media’s founder and CEO, suspect that a Silicon Valley millionaire was behind the suit.

I leave it to the actual lawyers to weigh in on the ethics (and consequences, if any) for such a litigation approach. For myself, I’ll note that what you have here is an insanely rich guy gaming the legal system to destroy a media outfit that pissed him off.

And with that, one more thought:  Franklin Roosevelt created the social welfare state in the US as an alternative to revolution.  Today’s plutocrats might want to think about that.  In plainer terms: to remain democracies, modern democractic states need to tax polity-buying wealth out of individual hands; income taxes and a levy on inheritances.  A 90% rate that kicks in well below an estate value of a billion bucks seems a good place to start.

A blogger can dream…

Image: Cornelius Bos, Lazarus in Heaven and the Rich Man in Hell, 1547.



Yet another distributional analysis

The Hill has “details” on the latest “plan”-like scribblings of the Republican policy “wonks” on healthcare. There is one thing I want to look at before I start my morning coffee:

The core of the plan is a $2,500 tax credit that any citizen would be eligible for and use to purchase health insurance. The lawmakers say this gives flexibility to people, whether they get employer-based insurance or not, to more directly control their healthcare spending, for example by using a health savings account.

I’m looking at one of the sponsor’s web pages and I get very few more “details”

every American citizen is eligible to claim a $2,500 tax benefit as well as a $1,500 tax benefit per dependent minor. This benefit can be assigned to an employer, transferred to a Roth Health Savings Account, or advanced for annual distribution. With this benefit, individuals and families now have the freedom to use pretax dollars to plan and save for their health care futures.

Let’s look at the distributional consequences of this type of policy.

For people who make under 200% of FPL, pre-tax dollars aren’t too valuable as most of their dollars are minimally taxed.  For people making six figures and only have a kid or two at most, pre-tax dollars are fairly valuable as they are facing a much higher explicit marginal rate.  Worrying about pre-tax dollars is overwhelmingly an upper middle class to affluent problem.

More importantly it is the flat subsidy.

$208 a month is a decent subsidy.  In some regions that will buy the equivalent of a Silver plan with absolutely no out of pocket monthly premium.  That is fine for a healthy and young individual (as underwriting is back with a vengeance).  There are Silver plans for 40 year old non-smokers that cost under $200.  However, that same $200 a month Silver plan with a $3,500 deductible will cost a 63 year old $450 a month.  And odds are that 63 year old will need to use their policy a lot more than the 40 year old.

Furthermore, a flat subsidy is great for people who don’t need help.  I get my insurance through my employer and the visible premium payment is roughly two hours of pay per month for a Platinum like coverage for my family.  I don’t need help.  My family does not need help.  We already have access to good, high actuarial value, affordable coverage.

Families and individuals that are not mid-career professionals and are making under median income will see a far higher percentage of their income go to post-subsidy premiums.  The poorer you are, the higher the premium percentage is for a given level of individual risk.  And that is a major problem as the people who should bear the least risk are the one’s with the fewest available resources to mobilize in an oh-shit scenario.

TLDR: Comfort the comfortable



Relief, of Sorts, For the Middle Class

In reality, it’s just enforcing a bit of fairness:

The Department of Labor on Wednesday will finalize a rule extending overtime protections to 4.2 million more Americans currently not eligible under federal law, boosting wages by $12 billion over the next 10 years, the White House said Tuesday evening.

The updated rule, which takes effect Dec. 1 and doubles the salary threshold below which workers automatically qualify for time-and-a-half wages to $47,476 from $23,660 a year, or from $455 to $913 a week. Hourly workers are generally guaranteed overtime pay regardless of what they make.

“We’re strengthening our overtime pay rules to make sure millions of Americans’ hard work is rewarded,” President Obama said in a statement. “If you work more than 40 hours a week, you should get paid for it or get extra time off to spend with your family and loved ones.”

One of those Americans, Obama said, is Elizabeth Paredes, a single mom from Tucson, Arizona, who works as an assistant manager at a sandwich shop. “Elizabeth sometimes worked as many as 70 hours a week,without a dime of overtime pay,” Obama said. “So Elizabeth wrote to me to say how hard it is to build a bright future for her son. And she’s not alone.”

$12 billion over ten years is real money, and could be a game changer for a lot of people.