Real Numbers Class 10 Worksheet with Answers have been designed as per the latest pattern for CBSE, NCERT and KVS for Grade 10. Students are always suggested to solve printable worksheets for Mathematics Real Numbers Grade 10 as they can be really helpful to clear their concepts and improve problem solving skills. We at worksheetsbag.com have provided here free PDF worksheets for students in standard 10 so that you can easily take print of these test sheets and use them daily for practice. All worksheets are easy to download and have been designed by teachers of Class 10 for benefit of students and is available for free download.

## Mathematics Real Numbers Worksheets for Class 10

We have provided **chapter-wise worksheets for class 10 Mathematics Real Numbers** which the students can download in Pdf format for free. This is the best collection of Mathematics Real Numbers standard 10th worksheets with important questions and answers for each grade 10th Mathematics Real Numbers chapter so that the students are able to properly practice and gain more marks in Class 10 Mathematics Real Numbers class tests and exams.

### Chapter-wise Class 10 Mathematics Real Numbers Worksheets Pdf Download

**Question. Let x be the greatest number by which if we divide 366, 513 and 324, then in each case the remainder is the same. The sum of digit of x is: **

(A) 3

(B) 4

(C) 5

(D) 7

**Answer**

A

**Question. If a number m is divided by 5 leaves a remainder 2, while another number n is divided by 5 leaves a remainder 4, then the remainder when (m + n) is divided by 5 is: **

(A) 1

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 4

**Answer**

A

**Question. Among the numbers 2 ^{250} ,3^{200} ,4^{150} and 5^{100} the greatest is **

(A) 2

^{250}

(B) 3

^{200 }

(C) 4

^{150 }

(D) 5

^{100 }

**Answer**

B

**Question. The sum of the digit in (10 ^{4n2}+8 + 1) , where ‘n’ is a positive integer, is………. **

(A) 4

(B) 4n

(C) 2+2n

(D) 4n2

**Answer**

A

**Question. The HCF of two expressions p and q is 1. Their LCM is: **

(A) p + q

(B) p – q

(C) pq

(D) 1/pq

**Answer**

C

**Question. The ascending order of √2, ^{3}√4, ^{4}√6 is: **

(A) √2,

^{3}√4,

^{4}√6

(B) √2,

^{4}√6,

^{3}√4

(C)

^{3}√4, √2,

^{4}√6

(D)

^{4}√6,

^{3}√4, √2

**Answer**

B

**Question. How many pairs of positive integers x, y exist such that H.C.F of x, y = 35 and the sum of x & y = 1085? **

(A) 10

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 15

**Answer**

D

**Question. How many pairs of positive integers x, y exist such that H.C.F (x, y) + L.C.M (x, y) = 91? **

(A) 8

(B) 2

(C) 6

(D) None of these

**Answer**

A

**Question. The smallest number which when increased by 17 is exactly divisible by both 520 and 468 is: **

(A) 4697

(B) 4663

(C) 4656

(D) 4680

**Answer**

D

**Question. What is the smallest number which when increased by 5 is completely divisible by 8, 11 and 24? **

(A) 259

(B) 355

(C) 255

(D) None of these

**Answer**

A

**Question. The sum of 18 consecutive positive integers is a perfect square. The smallest possible value of this sum is… **

(A) 169

(B) 225

(C) 289

(D) 361

**Answer**

B

**Question. When the decimal point of a certain positive decimal number is moved two places to the right, the new number is two times the sum of the original number and the reciprocal of the original number. The product of 42 and the original number is: **

(A) 3

(B) 6

(C) 7

(D) 14

**Answer**

B

**Question. Find the least number that when divided by 16, 18 and 20 leaves a remainder of 4 in each case, but is completely divisible by 7. **

(A) 2800

(B) 2882

(C) 2884

(D) None of these

**Answer**

C

**Question. What least number should be subtracted from 1856 so that remainder when divided by 7, 12 and 16 is 4? **

(A) 170

(B) 172

(C) 174

(D) None of these

**Answer**

B

**Question. The L. C. M. of two numbers is 48. The numbers are in the ratio 2 : 3. The sum of the numbers is. **

(A) 40

(B) 42

(C) 44

(D) None of these

**Answer**

A

**Question. L. C. M. of two prime numbers x & y (x > y) is 161. The value of 3y – x is. **

(A) -1

(B) -2

(C) -3

(D) None of these

**Answer**

B

**Question. Find the greatest number that will divide 43, 91 & 183 so as to leave the same remainder in each case. **

(A) 4

(B) 3

(C) 2

(D) None of these

**Answer**

A

**Question. A number when divided by 342 gives a remainder 47. When the same number is divided by 19,what would be the remainder?**

(A 9

(B) 8

(C) 18

(D) 11

**Answer**

A

**Question. If xyz + xy + xz + yz + x + y + z = 384where x, y, z are positive integers, then the value of x, y , z is: **

(A) 23

(B) 18

(C) 20

(D) 35

**Answer**

C

**Question. The H.C.F of the polynomials 9(x + a) ^{p} (x – b)^{q} (x + c)^{r} and 12(x + a)^{ p+3} (x- b)^{q – 3} (x + c)^{r + 2} is 3(x+ a)^{6} (x –b)^{6} (x + c)^{6}, then the value of p + q – r is. **

(A) 10

(B) 11

(C) 9

(D) None of these

**Answer**

C

**Question. If the H.C.F of 8x ^{3}ya and 12x^{b}y^{2} in 4x^{a}y^{b}, then find the maximum value of a + b. **

(A) 6

(B) 4

(C) 8

(D) None of these

**Answer**

B

**Question. How many integers (a, b) exist such that the product of a, b and H.C.F (a, b) = 1080. **

(A) 12

(B) 9

(C) 10

(D) None of these

**Answer**

B

**Students can refer to the following solved questions for Class 10 Real Numbers**

**Question. Without actually performing the long division, find if 987/10500 will have terminating or non-terminating repeating decimal expansion. Give reason for your answer.Sol. **Terminating decimal expansion, because 987/10500 = 47/500 and 500 = 22 ´53.

**Question. The values of remainder r, when a positive integer a is divided by 3 are 0 and 1 only. Is this statement true or false? Justify your answer.****Sol.** No. According to Euclid’s division lemma

a = 3q + r, where 0 £ r< 3

and r is an integer. Therefore, the values of r can be 0, 1 or 2.

**Question. Using prime factorisation method, find the HCF and LCM of 30, 72 and 432. Also show that HCF × LCM ¹ Product of the three numbers.Sol. **Given numbers = 30, 72, 432

30 = 2 × 3 × 5

72 = 2

^{3}× 3

^{2}

432 = 2

^{4}× 3

^{3}

Here, 21 and 31 are the smallest powers of the common factors 2 and 3 respectively.

So, HCF (30, 72, 432) = 2

^{1}X 3

^{1}= 2 X 3 = 6

Again, 24 , 33 and 51 are the greatest powers of the prime factors 2, 3 and 5 respectively.

So, LCM (30, 72, 432) = 2

^{4}X 3

^{3}X 5

^{1}= 2160

HCF × LCM = 6 × 2160 = 12960

Product of numbers = 30 × 72 × 432 = 933120

Therefore, HCF × LCM ≠ Product of the numbers.

**Question Find the LCM and HCF of 12, 15 and 21 by applying the prime factorisation method. [NCERT]****Sol.** The prime factors of 12, 15 and 21 are

12 = 2^{2} X 3,15 = 3 X 5 and 21 = 3 X 7

Therefore, the HCF of these integers is 3

2^{2} , 3^{1} , 5^{1} and 7^{1} are the greatest powers involved in the prime factors of 12, 15 and 21.

So, LCM (12,15, 21) = 2^{2} X 3^{1} X 5^{1} X 7^{1} = 420.

**Question. There is a circular path around a sports field. Sonia takes 18 minutes to drive one round of the field, while Ravi takes 12 minutes for the same. Suppose they both start from the same point and at the same time, and go in the same direction. After how many minutes will they meet again at the starting point? ****Sol.** To find the time after which they meet again at the starting point, we have to find

LCM of 18 and 12 minutes. We have

18 = 2 X 3^{2}

and 12 = 2^{2} X 3

Therefore, LCM of 18 and 12 = 2 X 3^{2} = 36

So, they will meet again at the starting point after 36 minutes.**Question. Find the LCM and HCF of the following pairs of integers and verify that LCM ´ HCF = product of the two numbers.****(i) 26 and 91 (ii) 198 and 144****Sol. (**i) We have

26 = 2 X13

91 = 7 X13

Thus, LCM (26, 91) = 2 X 7 X 13 =182

HCF (26, 91) =13

Now, LCM (26, 91) X HCF (26, 91) =182 X13 = 2366

and Product of the two numbers = 26 X 91 = 2366

Hence, LCM X HCF = Product of two numbers.

(ii) 144 = 2^{4} X 3^{2}

198 = 2 X 3^{2} X11

∴ LCM (198,144) = 24 X 3^{2} X 11 = 1584

HCF (198,144) = 2 X 3^{2} =18

Now, LCM (198, 144) × HCF (198,144) =1584 X 18 = 28512

and product of 198 and 144 = 28512

Thus, product of LCM (198, 144) and HCF (198, 144) = Product of 198 and 144.

**Question. Write whether the square of any positive integer can be of the form 3m +2, where m is a natural number. Justify your answer.****Sol.** No, because any positive integer can be written as 3q, 3q +1,3q +2, therefore, square will be 9q^{2} = 3m,

9q^{2} +6q +1 = 3 (3q^{2} +2q) +1 = 3m+1, 9q^{2} +12q + 4 = 3(3q^{2} + 4q +1) + 1 = 3m+1.**Question. Can two numbers have 18 as their HCF and 380 as their LCM? Give reason.****Sol.** No, because HCF (18) does not divide LCM (380).**Question. The product of two consecutive integers is divisible by 2. Is this statement true or false? Give reason.****Sol.** True, because n(n +1) will always be even, as one out of the n or (n +1) must be even.**Question. “The product of three consecutive positive integers is divisible by 6”. Is this statement true or false? Justify your answer.****Sol.** True, because n(n +1)(n +2) will always be divisible by 6, as at least one of the factors will be divisible by 2 and at least one of the factors will be divisible by 3.**Question. A rational number in its decimal expansion is 1.7351. What can you say about the prime factors of q when this number is expressed in the form p/q ? Give reason.****Sol.** As 1.7351 is a terminating decimal number, so q must be of the form 2m 5n, where m,n are natural numbers.

Real Numbers

**Question** Write a rational number between √3 and √5 .

Sol.**1. Write a rational number between √3 and √5 .Sol. ** A rational number between

**√**3 and

**√**5 is

**√**3.24 = 1.8 = 18/10=9/5

**Question. Explain why 3 × 5 ×7 +7 is a composite number.****Sol.** 3 × 5 ×7 + 7= 7 (3 × 5 +1) = 7 × 16, which has more than two factors.**Question. Can the number 4n, n being a natural number, end with the digit 0? Give reason.****Sol.** If 4n ends with 0, then it must have 5 as a factor. But, (4)n = (22)n = 22n i.e., the only prime factor of 4n is 2. Also, we know from the fundamental theorem of arithmetic that the prime factorisation of each number is unique.

∴ 4n^{∗} can never end with 0.

**Question. Prove that √7 is irrational.****Sol.** Let us assume, to the contrary, that √7 is rational.

Then, there exist co-prime positive integers a and b such that

√7 = a/b, b ≠ 0

So, a = 7 b

Squaring on both sides, we have

a^{2} = 7b^{2} …(i)**⇒** 7 divides a2 **⇒** 7 divides a So, we can write

a = 7c, (where c is any integer)

Putting the value of a = 7c in (i), we have

49c^{2} = 7b^{2}**⇒** 7c^{2} = b^{2}

It means 7 divides b2 and so 7 divides b.

So, 7 is a common factor of both a and b which is a contradiction.

So, our assumption that √7 is rational is wrong.

Hence, we conclude that √7 is irrational.

**Question**. The decimal expansions of some real numbers are given below. In each case, decide whether they are rational or not. If they are rational, Write it in the form p/q , what can you say about the prime factors of q?

(i) 0.140140014000140000… (ii) 0.16^{—}

Sol.

**Type A: Problems Based on Euclid’s Division Algorithm****Question**. Use Euclid’s division algorithm to find the HCF of:**(i) 960 and 432 (ii) 4052 and 12576. ****Sol.** (i) Since 960 > 432, we apply the division lemma to 960 and 432.

We have

960 = 432 X 2 + 96

Since the remainder 96 ≠ 0, so we apply the division lemma to 432 and 96.

We have 432 = 96 ´ 4 + 48

Again remainder 48 ≠ 0, so we again apply division lemma to 96 and 48.

We have 96 = 48 X 2 + 0

The remainder has now become zero. So our procedure stops.

Since the divisor at this stage is 48.

Hence, HCF of 225 and 135 is 48.

i.e., HCF (960, 432) = 48

(ii) Since 12576 > 4052, we apply the division lemma to 12576 and 4052, to get

12576 = 4052 X 3 + 420

Since the remainder 420 ¹ 0, we apply the division lemma to 4052 and 420, to get

4052 = 420 X 9 + 272

We consider the new divisor 420 and the new remainder 272, and apply the division lemma to get

420 = 272 X 1 +148

We consider the new divisor 272 and the new remainder 148, and apply the division lemma to get

272 =148 X1 +124

We consider the new divisor 148 and the new remainder 124, and apply the division lemma to get

148 =124 X1 + 24

We consider the new divisor 124 and the new remainder 24, and apply the division lemma to get

124 = 24 X 5 + 4

We consider the new divisor 24 and the new remainder 4, and apply the division lemma to get

24 = 4 X 6 + 0

The remainder has now become zero, so our procedure stops. Since the divisor at this stage is 4,

the HCF of 12576 and 4052 is 4.

**Question. Find the largest positive integer that will divide 398, 436 and 542 leaving remainders 7, 11 and 15 respectively.****Sol.** It is given that on dividing 398 by the required number, there is a remainder of 7. This means tha 398 – 7 = 391 is exactly divisible by the required number. In other words, required number is a factor of 391.

Similarly, required positive integer is a factor of 436 -11 = 425 and 542 -15 = 527.

Clearly, required number is the HCF of 391, 425 and 527.

Using the factor tree, we get the prime factorisations of 391, 425 and 527 as follows :

391 =17 X 23, 425 = 5^{2} X 17 and 527 =17 X 31**∴** HCF of 391, 425 and 527 is 17.

Hence, required number = 17.

**Question**. Write down the decimal expansions of the following numbers:**(i) 35/50 (ii) 15/1600 ****Sol.**

**Question**. Show that any positive odd integer is of the form 6q +1, or 6q + 3, or 6q + 5, where q is some integer.**Sol.** Let a be any positive integer and b = 6. Then, by Euclid’s algorithm, a = 6q + r , for some integer q ³ 0

and 0 £ r < 6.

Mathematics X: Term – I

i.e., the possible remainders are 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

Thus, a can be of the form 6q, or 6q +1, or 6q + 2, or 6q + 3, or 6q + 4, or 6q + 5, where q is some quotient.

Since a is odd integer, so a cannot be of the form 6q, or 6q + 2, or 6q + 4, (since they are even).

Thus, a is of the form 6q +1, or 6q + 3, or 6q + 5, where q is some integer.

Hence, any odd positive integer is of the form 6q +1 or 6q + 3 or 6q + 5, where q is some integer.

** Question.**. Show that 5- √3 is an irrational number.

Sol.

**Question**. An army contingent of 616 members is to march behind an army band of 32 members in a parade. The two groups are to march in the same number of columns. What is the ximum number of columns in which they can march?**Sol.** For the maximum number of columns, we have to find the HCF of 616 and 32.

Now, since 616 > 32, we apply division lemma to 616 and 32.

We have, 616 = 32 X 19 + 8

Here, remainder 8 ≠ 0. So, we again apply division lemma to 32 and 8.

We have, 32 = 8 X 4 + 0

Here, remainder is zero. So, HCF (616, 32) = 8

Hence, maximum number of columns is 8.

**Question. Check whether 6n can end with the digit 0 for any natural number n.****Sol.** If the number 6n, for any n, were to end with the digit zero, then it would be divisible by 5. That is, the prime factorisation of 6n would contain the prime 5. This is not possible because 6^{n} = (2 X 3)^{n} = 2^{n} X 3^{n} so the primes in factorisation of 6n are 2 and 3. So the uniqueness of the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic guarantees that there are no other primes except 2 and 3 in the factorisation of 6^{n} . So there is no natural number n for which 6^{n} ends with digit zero.

**Question. Show that 5- √3 is an irrational number. ****Sol.** Let us assume that 5- √3 is rational.

So, 5- √3 may be written as

5- √3 = p/q, where p and q are integers, having no common factor except 1 and q ≠ 0.

**Question**. Use Euclid’s division lemma to show that the square of any positive integer is either of the form 3m or 3m +1 for some integer m. **Sol.** Let a be any positive integer, then it is of the form 3q, 3q +1 or 3q + 2. Now, we have to show that the square of these numbers can be rewritten in the form of 3m or 3m + 1.

Here, on squaring, we have

(3q)^{2} = 9q^{2} = 3(3q2) = 3m, where m = 3q^{2}

(3q +1)^{2} = 9q^{2} + 6q +1 = 3 (3q^{2} + 2q) +1 = 3m +1, where m = 3q^{2} + 2q

and, (3q + 2)^{2} = 9q^{2} +12q + 4 = (9q^{2} +12q + 3) +1

= 3 (3q^{2} + 4q +1) +1 = 3m +1, where m = 3q^{2} + 4q +1.

Hence, square of any positive integer is either of the form 3m or 3m +1.

**Question. Let a, b, c, k be rational numbers such that k is not a perfect cube. If a + bk ^{1/3} + ck^{2/3} = ,**

**0 then prove that a = b = c = 0.**

**Sol.**Given,

**Question**. Show that one and only one out of n, n +2, n + 4 is divisible by 3, where n is any positive integer.**Sol.** Let q be the quotient and r be the remainder when n is divided by 3.

Therefore, n = 3q + r, where r = 0, 1, 2

⇒ n = 3q or n = 3q+ 1 or n = 3q + 2.

Case (i) if n = 3q, then n is divisible by 3.

Case (ii) if n = 3q +1 then n +2 = 3q +3= 3(q +1), which is divisible by 3 and n + 4 = 3q +5, which is not divisible by 3.

So, only (n +2) is divisible by 3.

Case (iii) if n = 3q +2, then n +2 = 3q + 4, which is not divisible by 3 and (n + 4) = 3q +6 = 3(q +2), which is divisible by 3.

So, only (n + 4) is divisible by 3.

Hence one and only one out of n, (n +2), (n + 4) is divisible by 3.

** Question.**. Prove that √7 is irrational.

Sol.

## Mathematics Real Numbers Worksheets for Class 10 as per CBSE NCERT pattern

Parents and students are welcome to download as many worksheets as they want as we have provided all free. As you can see we have covered all topics which are there in your Class 10 Mathematics Real Numbers book designed as per CBSE, NCERT and KVS syllabus and examination pattern. These test papers have been used in various schools and have helped students to practice and improve their grades in school and have also helped them to appear in other school level exams. You can take printout of these chapter wise test sheets having questions relating to each topic and practice them daily so that you can thoroughly understand each concept and get better marks. As Mathematics Real Numbers for Class 10 is a very scoring subject, if you download and do these questions and answers on daily basis, this will help you to become master in this subject.

**Benefits of Free Real Numbers Class 10 Worksheet with Answers**

- You can improve understanding of your concepts if you solve NCERT Class 10 Mathematics Real Numbers Worksheet,
- These CBSE Real Numbers Class 10 Worksheet with Answers can help you to understand the pattern of questions expected in Mathematics Real Numbers exams.
- All Real Numbers Class 10 Worksheet with Answers for NCERT have been organized in a manner to allow easy download in PDF format
- Parents will be easily able to understand the worksheets and give them to kids to solve
- Will help you to quickly revise all chapters of Class 10 Mathematics Real Numbers textbook
- CBSE Real Numbers Class 10 Worksheet with Answers Workbook will surely help to improve knowledge of this subject

These Printable practice worksheets are available for free Real Numbers Class 10 Worksheet with Answers. As the teachers have done extensive research for all topics and have then made these worksheets for you so that you can use them for your benefit and have also provided to you for each chapter in your ebook. The Chapter wise question bank and revision worksheets can be accessed free and anywhere. Go ahead and click on the links above to download free Real Numbers class 10 Worksheet with answers PDF.

**Where can I get Real Numbers Class 10 Worksheet with answers ?**

You can download free worksheets for Class 10 Mathematics Real Numbers from https://www.worksheetsbag.com

**I want free printable worksheets with questions and answers for Mathematics Real Numbers for Standard 10, where can I get them?**

You can get free PDF downloadable worksheets for Grade 10 Mathematics Real Numbers from our website which has been developed by teachers after doing extensive research in each topic.

**Can I get worksheets and question banks for other subjects in Class 10 ?**

On our website we have provided worksheets for all subjects in Grade 10, all topic wise test sheets have been provided in a logical manner so that you can scroll through the topics and download the worksheet that you want.

**I want practice worksheets for all topics in my Class 10 Mathematics Real Numbers Textbook, where can I get it?**

You can easily get question banks, topic wise notes and questions and other useful study material from https://www.worksheetsbag.com without any charge

**Are all worksheets available for free and in PDF format?**

Yes all test papers for Mathematics Real Numbers Class 10 are available for free, no charge has been put so that the students can benefit from it. And offcourse all is available for download in PDF format and with a single click you can download all worksheets.

**What is the best website to download free worksheets for Class 1 to Class 12 for all subjects?**

https://www.worksheetsbag.com is the best portal to download all worksheets for all classes without any charges.